Some Issues on Developmental Trends of Forms of Ownership, Economic Sectors and Types of Business in Vietnam (14/06/2018)

The development of the socialist-oriented market economy in Vietnam reveals various trends in the forms of ownership, economic sectors and types of business. Based on statistics of the 1995-2016 period, this paper describes main characteristics of these trends, in which the proportions of state ownership and state sector in both total investment and Gross Domestic Products (GDP) have progressively decreased while those of private ownership and non-state sector increased relevantly. Likewise, the proportion of sole proprietorship has decreased, while those of multiple ownership, especially joint-stock companies, have shown an opposite trend. On affirming that these trends have come forth as part of the market-oriented economy, the paper makes several policy-related suggestions concerning the development of forms of ownership, economic sectors and types of business in Vietnam.
Author: Nguyen Ke Tuan

State-owned Enterprises: Missions, Functions and Developmental Orientations (14/06/2018)

State-owned enterprises (SOEs) are a fundamental entity of the Vietnamese economy. After several reforms, SOEs remain irreplaceable holding a dominant position in the market of many sectors where private enterprises should have been empowered. A new context of international economic integration as well as science and technology in the coming period shall raise numerous issues. Hence, it is necessary to define the role of SOEs as well as SOEs reform. This article discusses the above-mentioned issues, providing a reference for the economic restructuring process in Vietnam.
Author: Tran Dinh Thien, Nguyen Dinh Hoa

A Review of Women’s Entrepreneurship in Vietnam (14/06/2018)

The 2017/18 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Global Report showcases increased participation of women in business. Vietnam is among countries with a relatively high proportion of businesswomen. Nevertheless, most of them have merely been involved in individual enterprises. In the corporate sector, the percentage of female managers accounts for as little as one-third compared with males. Women-owned enterprises tend to be small-scale and concentrated in the service sector. Women encounter more difficulties than men in running a business, partly resulting from their competence. Hence, more supportive policies are needed to improve women’s skills and knowledge as well as mitigate the above-mentioned obstacles.
Author: Nguyen Thi Thuy Duong

China’s Economic and Political Highlights in 2017 and Outlook for 2018 (14/06/2018)

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party (CCP) is considered a typical event in the political life of China in 2017. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era has become an guiding political ideology pushing forward a new round of the Chinese reform and opening-up in the new period. Defined in the Charter of the Communist Party of China, such thought is also reaffirmed in the amended and supplemented Constitution in 2018. The Party and State institutions and their corresponding positions were continually rearranged after the 19th National Congress, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) and the 13th National People’s Congress of China. Economically, China has shifted focus to enhancing quality and efficiency of the development. The paper features highlights in the Chinese economic and political life in 2017 and its outlook for 2018.
Author: Nguyen Xuan Cuong

On Life Quality of Female Migrant Workers in Vietnam Today (14/06/2018)

Migration is considered both a motivation and consequence of a country's socio-economic development. In Vietnam, the flow of migrant workers is increasing dramatically, especially those from rural areas to urban areas and industrial zones. On analyzing some basic information about two groups of female migrants, one working in industrial and processing zones and the other engaging in self-employment, the article discusses the uncertainties and risks that female migrant workers are facing, thereby, making some suggestions to improve their life quality.
Author: Nguyen Hoang Anh, Truong Thuy Hang

Food Tourism: The World’s Examples and Practice in Vietnam (14/06/2018)

While the concept of “food tourism” emerged two decades ago, it has been recognized and developed by numerous countries into a fascinating form of tourism, only ranking behind cultural tourism and nature tourism. Meanwhile, food tourism in Vietnam has only been discussed in a few papers and workshops and carried out by some tourist travel agencies individually, rather than at the strategic level. This article summarizes food tourism examples in the world through a literature review, thus clarifying the current situation in Vietnam and making suggestions for promoting such type of tourism in the coming time.
Author: Vuong Xuan Tinh

Interdisciplinary Research in Social Sciences: The Relationship between Culture and Literature Studies (14/06/2018)

Interdisciplinary research in the social sciences dates back to the twentieth century and remains a significant trend in the twenty-first century. In interdisciplinary research, much attention has been paid to the relationship between literature and culture since literature is an integral part of culture. In the course of historical development, literary study has made a great contribution to the recognition of the role of culture in the creation and reception of literature and in social life as well. In Vietnam, numerous literary studies delve into national and ethnic identity as a quality of literature, while many other cultural studies value literary materials as signs and criteria to clarify cultural characteristics and identities of the nation. The paper reviews interdisciplinary approaches regarding culture and literature as a means to provide a comparative and multidimentional view in the methodology for interdisciplinary research in social sciences.
Author: Vu Thi My Hanh